TitleSynthesizing classic recording microphones characteristics using a spherical microphone array (A)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsPeters, N, W., SAndrew
JournalJ. Acoust. Soc. Am., presented at the 162th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Using spherical microphone arrays to form directed beams is becoming an important technology in sound field analysis, teleconferencing, and surveillance systems. Moreover, in scenarios for capturing musical content, the recording and post-production process could be simplified through flexible beamforming technology. Often, audio engineers favor the use of conventional recording microphones over spherical microphone arrays which might be due to the engineer's preference for distinct spatial and timbral characteristics of different microphone types and brands. We present an approach to create beamforming pattern using a 144 channel spherical microphone array, which aims to match the distinct spatial and timbral characteristics of classic microphones. For this, we first measured the spatial and timbral characteristics of several classic microphones types as well as the characteristics of our spherical microphone array in an anechoic chamber. Using a regularized least-square approach, these data were then used for computing the filters for the spherical microphone array that forms the desired beams. We show the results of several microphone-beam simulations and compare them with the impulse responses of the original classic microphones. Advantages and limitations of our approach will be discussed.