TitleDerivation of an optimal directivity pattern for sweet spot widening in stereo sound reproduction
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsRodenas, JA, Aarts, RM, Janssen, A
JournalThe Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume113
Pagination267-278
Date Published01/2003
Abstract

In this paper the correction of the degradation of the stereophonic illusion during sound reproduction due to off-center listening is investigated. The main idea is that the directivity pattern of a loudspeaker array should have a well-defined shape such that a good stereo reproduction is achieved in a large listening area. Therefore, a mathematical description to derive an optimal directivity pattern [script l]opt that achieves sweet spot widening in a large listening area for stereophonic sound applications is described. This optimal directivity pattern is based on parametrized time/intensity trading data coming from psycho-acoustic experiments within a wide listening area. After the study, the required digital FIR filters are determined by means of a least-squares optimization method for a given stereo base setup (two pair of drivers for the loudspeaker arrays and 2.5-m distance between loudspeakers), which radiate sound in a broad range of listening positions in accordance with the derived [script l]opt. Informal listening tests have shown that the [script l]opt worked as predicted by the theoretical simulations. They also demonstrated the correct central sound localization for speech and music for a number of listening positions. This application is referred to as "Position-Independent (PI) stereo."